Overview on the city of Maghnia

Maghnia is one of daïras Tlemcen, it has long been a link between Algeria and Morocco. It became during the Roman occupation military barracks and name they gave their "numerus syrorum" in connection with armed that came from the east to settle there. The city bears the name of a pious woman who performed the pilgrimage each year, and one day the caravan stopped in the area, then the pious woman admired and decided to settle there. Indeed she remained until death prevails. His progeny founded the nucleus of what will later become the city of Maghnia and so far his dynasty is still in the city. Islam is spreading in the city in the early seventh century thanks to the nomadic tribes who moved in search of stability. It was colonized by the French army in 1836 under General Beidou control who founded a military barracks on the ruins of the ancient city. This general changed the name of the town when he discovered the tomb of the holy woman to become "Marnia" and it was in 1844. The town had a military character until 1922 when was established the first municipal council with a Jewish majority .
Its geographical position Sise north western Algeria, Maghnia is an extension of the plain "Angade" in the middle of mountains and Fellawsane Trara to the mountains Beni Znassene north. Bounded on the south by Asfour mountains, and to the west by the city of Oujda and Taza, while to the east is the city of Tlemcen which the terminal. Maghnia covers a 294km2 area with a population density of about 96.302 from 1998.sur statistics Administratively, the city of Maghnia is bounded to the north by the municipality of Swani, south by the municipality of Boussaid blessed, to the east by the town of Hamam Boughrara and west by the Moroccan kingdom.
The land (topography of Maghnia) Maghnia is considered the most important center in the far west of Algeria, it is the beginning of the great plain of Trifa to plateau Sabra. This plain is bounded to the south by the mountains and Daglane Rass Asfour and north by the hills that lead to the Mediterranean Sea.
Climate Although it is only a short distance from the sea, the climate is arid nature Maghnia characterized by a cold and rainy winter which lasts from mid October until March, and a very hot summer which lasts from June until September. What gives the region a semi-arid climate. As for rainfall, it is between 350mm and 400mm per year when the temperature is between 18 and 30.
The agricultural character Maghnia is a city to agricultural, its land is fertile and rich in production. Its lands are between two different areas of the biological side, the mountains of the north and those Trara Tlemcen south. Southern Maghnia is characterized by relatively flat lands whose altitude does not exceed the 300metres. While the region is a mountainous area whose altitude is around 400 meters, and the highest mountain region is located in the mountains of Aarare and reaches 544metres.
Among the icons of the region include the first president of independent Algeria: Ahmed Ben Bella.
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